Tag Archives: legal entitlements and problem-solving project

School Transport Report

The school of law team at the University of Leeds

The school of law team at the University of Leeds

Our student researchers at the School of Law, University of Leeds have published a report about the accuracy and accessibility of school transport information on local authority websites in England.

The students looked at 71 websites and identified serious failings in the information provided to families.  Almost 40% of the websites failed to clearly explain the legal rights of children with special educational needs or disabilities to school transport. The report also highlights how some school transport policies are more restrictive than they should be (see the examples on page 12/13).

You can read the full report here.

If you have a school transport problem, our Parent Guide explains what you can do to solve it.

Disabled Facilities Grants

The school of law team at the University of Leeds

The school of law team at the University of Leeds

Our student researchers at the School of Law, University of Leeds, have published a report on Disabled Facilities Grants and home adaptations.

Disabled children and their families are legally entitled to a grant to pay for necessary adaptations to their home to improve accessibility and independent enjoyment of their surroundings. These are known as Disabled Facilities Grants (DFGs) and are usually for sums up to £30,000. The main aim of our DFG Project is to assess the cost effectiveness of DFGs and the wider impact adaptations have on the disabled child and their families.

The latest report from the team considers the benefits of investing in home adaptations for disabled children, including cost savings and improvements in well-being.

You can read the full report here.

Social Care Guides – England and Wales

social care guidesOne of the results of devolution is that in a number of areas of the law England and Wales are developing different approaches – these are sometimes very different.

The law dealing with social care is no exception and both England and Wales have seen changes in this area in the recent past. The changes in Wales in particular are significant and social services teams are still getting to grips with implementing them.

We have therefore developed two guides on social care, one for England and one for Wales which explain the different systems.

We would particularly recommend them to anyone moving between the two countries.

New students join our LEaP Project

Group photo copyOur Legal Entitlements and Problem-Solving (LEaP) Project at the University of Leeds is committed to providing practical solutions to the legal problems families face. Our lead researchers at the School of Law, Professor Luke Clements and Sorcha McCormack, have been busy recruiting students at the University to work on two new projects:

The Cerebra School Transport Research Project

Disabled children who can’t reasonably be expected to walk to school because of their special educational needs, disability or mobility problems have a statutory right to transport. Although councils are under a legal duty to provide this assistance, LEaP is often contacted by families who have been improperly refused this support. The main aim of the School Transport Project is to assess whether the school transport information on English local authority websites is fit for purpose.

The Cerebra Disabled Facilities Grants Research Project (DFG Project)

Disabled children and their families are legally entitled to a grant to pay for necessary adaptations to their home to improve accessibility and independent enjoyment of their surroundings. These are known as Disabled Facilities Grants (DFGs) and are usually for sums up to £30,000. The main aim of the DFG Project is to assess the cost effectiveness of DFGs and the wider impact adaptations have on the disabled child and their families.

The LEaP project is all about making research relevant to families in their everyday lives and the students will be publishing reports on their research in the new year.

Full details of all the legal help available from Cerebra as well as details of the research programme at the School of Law can be found here.

Disabled Facilities Grant – Arthur’s Story

disabled facilities grant

Public bodies in the UK have certain duties to provide health, social care and other services for disabled children. Sometimes, however, families can experience difficulties in accessing these support services. Our LEaP Project team aims to provide free legal advice to families who need help getting the right support for their children.

The project publishes an annual round-up of some of the cases the project has helped with, called a Digest of Opinions. One of those cases is that of Arthur whose parents asked for help concerning a disabled facilities grant.

Arthur is 3 and has Autism, Global Development Delay (GDD) and a range of associated, complex medical conditions. Arthur has undergone various medical assessments at a children’s hospital and the clinicians have stressed the need for adaptations to Arthur’s home; in particular to his bedroom. Arthur’s parents requested an assessment from the local authority to enable the adaptations to be undertaken. The local authority advised that there is a standard delay of six months before assessments can be undertaken and an even lengthier delay in completing any works.

The legal opinion provided by the Project explains that the local authority is under a duty to assess within a reasonable time and to provide disabled facilities and adaptations (if they are necessary) within a reasonable period. Interim support should be provided, pending the assessment and provision of facilities and/or adaptations.

The full case Report can be found on page 4 of the Digest of Opinions. All the young people’s names have been changed. The opinions are a statement of the law and policy at that time – it should be remembered that the law does change.

LEaP is an innovative problem-solving project that helps families of children with brain conditions cope with the legal barriers they face. We listen to families and help them get the knowledge they need to access health, social care and other support services. We identify the common legal problems that prevent families getting access to services and we develop innovative ways of solving those problems. We aim to reach as many families as we can by sharing our solutions as widely as possible.

Read the Project Guidelines to find out more about the type of legal problems we can help with. If you would like to ask for support from the project please fill in the Online Request Form. If you would like further information, please contact us at probono@cerebra.org.uk or on 01267 242582.

School Transport – Dylan’s Story

School transport help

Public bodies in the UK have certain duties to provide health, social care and education support for disabled children. The Legal Entitlements Research Project is open to parents and carers of children aged 16 or under who have a neurodisability and who need help with a legal problem regarding access to health, social care or (to a more limited extent) education support services.

The project publishes an annual round-up of some of the cases the project has helped with, called a Digest of Opinions. One of those cases is that of 11 year old Dylan.

Dylan has severe learning difficulties, attention deficit disorder and autistic behaviours. He has a Statement of Special Educational Needs which identifies his challenging behaviour and entitles him to school transport and an escort.

Dylan’s parents were concerned that his escort was unaware of his needs and didn’t have the necessary skills to manage his behaviour. Dylan had not been introduced to his escort before his first trip to school that term. He became stressed and anxious when travelling to and from school and, on occasion, behaved violently, harming himself, the transport vehicle and other children.

The legal opinion given by the LERP details the legal duties of the authority to make sure that children are transported safely and with the minimum of stress. Drivers and escorts should be properly trained to cope with a child’s specific disability related needs and behaviour.

The full case Report can be found on page 40 of the Digest of Opinions.  All the young people’s names have been changed. The opinions are a statement of the law and policy at that time – it should be remembered that the law does change.

The Legal Entitlements Research Project is open to parents and carers of children aged 16 or under who have a neurodisability and who need help with a legal problem regarding access to health, social care or (to a more limited extent) education support services.

Read the Project Guidelines to find out more about the type of legal problems we can help with.

Problem-Solving Toolkit for Families

ToolkitCerebra has published a new Problem-Solving Toolkit to support disabled people and carers who are encountering difficulties with the statutory agencies in relation to the provision of health, social care and education support services.

Research conducted by the charity and Cardiff Law School in October 2015 revealed that families of disabled children are experiencing substantial delays in getting an NHS diagnosis and too few parents are being given written information when they do receive their diagnosis. Support services are not always offered and, when they are, they often do not meet the needs of the family. Moreover parents are reluctant to complain about any of this and, if they do, their concerns are often not dealt with adequately.

Whilst UK law provides powerful rights to such support services, this alone can be insufficient. Professor Luke Clements, Cerebra Professor of Law and Social Justice, Leeds Law School and author of the Toolkit explains: “The law can be complicated and difficult to understand. Even when you know what your rights are, it can be daunting, exhausting and sometimes intimidating to challenge public officials. There is a power imbalance and much research suggests (and indeed the Government accepts) that many families are fearful that complaining may make things worse”.

The Toolkit is a comprehensive, practical and easy to use guide to help families resolve difficulties with their statutory health, social care and education support services. It aims to help unpick commonly experienced problems and to offer effective strategies for resolving them. The Toolkit:

• considers nine general categories of dispute, from inter-agency disputes and complex cases to delays and resource issues, and offers detailed advice for resolving them
• identifies key factors that can empower people to claim their rights and to challenge failures when they occur
• offers advice on preparing for, attending and following up on meetings
• sets out a series of template letters that families can use in a variety of situations

It also provides a Jargon Buster, an explanation of what public authorities must do and explores a number of commonly held myths.

To accompany the Toolkit a central website, www.difficultbox.com, is being developed with links to law, practice and self-help guides that have been produced by many charities and support organisations. The facility to post comments and suggestions on the site is being developed.

The Problem-Solving Toolkit is free to download here.

The publication of the Toolkit has been made possible by a 2015 Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) ‘Impact’ award in addition to financial support from Cerebra.

Survey finds local authorities failing to comply with their legal obligations to parent carers/young carers

A survey of over 40% of English social services authorities by the Cerebra Legal Entitlements Research Project at Cardiff Law School has found serious failing in local authority ‘short breaks’ statements that they are under a duty to publish.

Findings included:

  • Over 90% failed to advise parent carers and young carers of their right to an assessment;
  • More than 85% gave no clear explanation as to how the amount of support provided is decided;
  • In excess of 80% failed to explain what families could do if they were dissatisfied with the support they were receiving;
  • Over 60% failed to mention transport support – to enable the disabled child to attend the short break support;
  • In more than 50% of cases, it was difficult to locate the actual ‘short break statement’.

The report contains advice on how short breaks statements and local authority websites can be improved – particularly the value of having a logical point to start a search (such as a home page with an entry such as ‘social care’ or ‘carers’) and the need for a national standard ‘template’ for all authorities to use.

The report contains some positive findings and of the authorities surveyed, the report singled out the Isle of Wight as an example of best practice and gave ‘honourable mentions’ to Camden, Hampshire, Liverpool and Cheshire West and Chester.

The full report can be accessed at https://w3.cerebra.org.uk/help-and-information/legal-entitlements-research-project/

For further information, please contact:

Professor Luke Clements [who supervised the research] l.j.clements@leeds.ac.uk
Professor Julie Price [Head of the Pro Bono Unit, Cardiff] PriceJA1@cardiff.ac.uk
Tracy Elliot [Head of Research & Education at Cerebra] TracyE@cerebra.org.uk

More school transport success for the Legal Entitlements Research Project

Robyn with her younger sister, AmelieSchool transport has been one of the most common problems referred to our Legal Entitlements Research Project in recent months. Our newsletter in January featured an article about Samantha, who had been struggling to get school transport for her 14 year old son, Kelsey. After our success in helping Samantha, we were able to provide similar help to another parent who lives in the same area, Alan, and his 15 year old daughter, Robyn, who has global learning delay and autistic traits.

The Council decided to stop providing school transport for Robyn in August 2014 on the grounds that the family lived within a walking distance of 3 miles from the school. Whilst it acknowledged that Robyn was unable to walk and needed to be transported to school, the Council decided that it was ‘reasonable to expect parents who have a car to transport their child to school’ and that there were no ‘exceptional reasons to deviate from policy’. Alan appealed twice, but the Council stood by its original decision and he contacted the Legal Entitlements Research Project for help.

We looked at Robyn’s case and explained that local authorities are under a duty to provide transport for ‘eligible’ pupils, which includes children who can’t reasonably be expected to walk to school because of mobility problems or health and safety issues related to their special educational needs or disability. As the Council had accepted that Robyn was unable to walk and needed to be transported, it was clear that she was in fact eligible and the Council should have provided school transport.

Councils are entitled to consider whether it’s reasonable to expect a parent to accompany their child along a walking route, but they cannot insist that parents who have a car should be expected to drive their child to school. We advised Alan to ask for a review of the school transport decision, particularly in light of Samantha’s case.

We were delighted when Alan told us that Robyn had received a letter to say that her transport would be reinstated:

“It was fantastic news. The floodgates then seemed to open for the other pupils who had their transport removed and now they all seem to have had their decision changed. I am hugely grateful and it has made life a whole lot better for Robyn and our family”.

One of the Project’s aims is to focus on problems which have the potential to affect a large number of disabled children, so it’s great to see the impact our work has had for families living in this local authority’s area. We’re also really pleased that the Council in this case acknowledged that there was a problem with its school transport decisions and took steps to resolve the issue for families in its area.

If you’d like some legal advice from the Project regarding your child’s access to services, please have a look at the Project Guidelines for further details and complete our online request form. For more information, contact us on 01267 242582.

Lawyers needed

cardiff uniThe pro bono programme at Cardiff Law School needs you!

We are looking for lawyers (possibly retired or who have had to give up (or put in abeyance) a legal career due to caring responsibilities / other interruptions) who are interested on a voluntary basis in getting involved in lending their skills to mentor students on a pro bono programme.

The programme is supported by Cerebra a unique charity supporting disabled children and their families.  As part of the programme students prepare legal opinions on commonly occurring problems disabled children and their families experience in accessing their statutory rights to health, education and social care support services.

We are in need of people with legal skills / experience to work with the students: reading and critically analysing their draft opinions and ensuring these are of suitable quality.

It is not essential to have a detailed knowledge of health, education and social care law as the programme is supervised by Law School staff and an expert team from Cerebra.  What we need is people with legal skills who understand the craft of drafting legal opinions / advice letters.

If this is of possible interest – please make contact with either:

and very many thanks.