One of the results of devolution is that in a number of areas of the law England and Wales are developing different approaches – these are sometimes very different.
The law dealing with social care is no exception and both England and Wales have seen changes in this area in the recent past. The changes in Wales in particular are significant and social services teams are still getting to grips with implementing them.
We have therefore developed two guides on social care, one for England and one for Wales which explain the different systems.
We would particularly recommend them to anyone moving between the two countries.
This guide has been prepared for parents of disabled children in Wales who want to know how to get help for their child’s social care needs. It deals with the responsibilities of local authorities to provide social care for disabled children, as well as support for the parents/carers of those children.
Social Care in Wales: A Guide for Parents Pdf
Gofal Cymdeithasol yng Nghymru Pdf
First published 2017. This edition 2017. Review date 2020.
Our new three part Cerebra Anxiety Guide: A Guide for Parents has been developed to give up to date information on how to spot the signs of anxiety and anxiety disorders in children with an intellectual disability and looks at what can be done to help.
This is the first in a series of articles taking extracts from the guide and will be looking at recognising the signs of anxiety. The full Anxiety Guide can be downloaded free of charge here.
Anxiety and fear are our body’s built-in response to danger – our alarm system. When we are anxious or fearful our hearts beat faster and blood is directed to our muscles so that we are ready to protect ourselves from the danger by either ‘fighting’ or ‘fleeing’. We experience ‘fear’ when we have to tackle an immediate threat (e.g. getting out of a burning house); however, anxiety is experienced when we anticipate that something threatening might happen in the future (i.e, moving to a new home).
Signs of anxiety
There are many different signs that someone may be feeling anxious. These can be changes in the person’s body; changes to thoughts/thinking patterns; changes to emotions; changes to behaviour:
Changes to the body:
- fast and irregular heartbeat
- muscle tension
- pale complexion
- stomach aches
Changes to thoughts/ thinking patterns:
- inability to concentrate
- repetitive thoughts about perceived threat
- concerns about losing control
- inability to relax
Changes to emotions:
- feeling worried
Changes to behaviour:
- avoiding situations
- fidgeting/ moving more than usual
Children and individuals with mild communication impairments often have difficulty describing their emotions despite having some speech, so may describe physical symptoms such as stomach aches or feeling sick. As many of the signs of anxiety overlap with signs of physical health difficulties, it is very important to always ensure that a health problem is not underpinning your child’s behaviour and emotions and if you are in any doubt, contact your GP or paediatrician.
Further information about assessing whether your child may be experiencing pain can be found in Cerebra’s Pain guide.
Dr Jane Waite, Research Fellow and Clinical Psychologist at the Cerebra Centre for Neurodevelopmental Disorders will be talking about how to spot the signs of anxiety disorders as well as what can be done at our conference on Improving Mental Health and Well-being for Young People with Autism, ADHD and Learning Disabilities.
Everyone who’s ever tried to fill in a Disability Living Allowance (DLA) Claim Form will know what a huge and daunting task it can be. Our step-by-step guide to filling it in aims to help make it that little bit easier for you.
The guide takes you through each question on the DLA form, giving you explanations of what they mean and tips on how to answer them. It also gives you advice about how to appeal if you’re unhappy with the decision. You can download the guide below.
Download the DLA Guide PDF
(You can also request a printed copy of the DLA guide by calling 0800 328 1159 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org)
Published 2003. This edition 2017. Review date 2020.
Watch our video for useful hints and tips to bear in mind when completing the DLA form.
First published 2012. This edition 2015. Review date 2017.